Context
To teach Visual Art in the 21st Century one must be familiar with Modernism, Postmodernism, and Contemporary Art. According to art historians, Modern Art began with Courbet in the 1840's and ended shortly after World War II when Pop Art emerged (roughly 1840-1957). All movements from 1957 to around 1985 are considered to be Postmodern, works created after 1985 are considered to be Contemporary Art. This information is always open for discussion, but most recognize it to be a foundation for classifying and distinguishing art.

(Visual) Art History is extremely significant for Visual Art Education, the history of art is a resource that educators tap in order to build context for art instruction. Visual Art Educators who have no concept of Modernism and Postmodernism will have a difficult time explaining Contemporary Art. It is extremely practical for students of art to understand where art has been and where art is going (the past informs the present). This case has been made for history, but is glossed over for Art History, Theory, and Criticism. The following is a link to an art movement directory in the UK and also a list of movements beginning with 1880. Modern and Postmodern visual art movements specifically serve educators as a guide for discussing accurate art information and past investigations.

http://www.artmovements.co.uk/home.htm

Modern and Postmodern Art Historic Survey:

1880

Impressionism 1870-1898
Cloisonnism - late 1880s
Etruscan School - 1883-84
(The) Glasgow Boys - 1880-1900
(The) Heidelberg School - mid-1880s - mid-1890s
Japonism - 1880-1895
Nabis - ca. 1888-1900
Neo-Impressionism - 1886-1906
Newlyn School - early 1880s-ca. 1900
Post-Impressionism - 1886-1905
Symbolism - 1880-early 1900s
Synthetism - late 1880s-early 1890s
Tonalism - 1880-1920

1890

Art à la Rue - 1890s-early 1900s
Bande Noire (or "the Nubians") - 1890s
Expressionism - 1890-1939
Fauvism - ca. 1898-ca. 1908
Glasgow Style - ca. 1890-ca. 1920
Nagybánya Colony - 1896-1930s
Pintura de la luz - 1890s-early 20th Century
Secession - 1890s-early 1900s
Ten American Painters (or "The Ten") - 1898-1918

1900

Abbaye de Créteil - 1906-1908
Art Nouveau - 1905-1939
(The) Ashcan School - early 1900s-early 1920s
Beautiful Indies - early 20th Century-ca. early 1930s
Bloomsbury Group - 1904-late 1930s
Blue Rose (or "Golubaya Roza") - 1904-1908
Cubism - 1908-1939
Cubo-Expressionism - 1909-1921
Die Brücke - 1905-1913
(The) Eight - 1907-early 1920s
(The) Friday Club - 1905-1922
Futurism - 1909-1939
Hagenbund - 1900-1930
Luminism - 1904-early 1910s
Scuola Labronica - ca. 1908-ca. 1950
September Group - 1909-ca. 1930
Young Estonia (or "Noor Eesti") - ca. 1902-1917

1910

Arbeitsrat für Kunst - 1918-1921
Bauhaus - 1919-1933
Biomorphism - 1915-1940s
Blaue Reiter (or "Blue Rider") - 1911-1914
Brabant Fauvism - ca. 1910-1923
Camden Town Group - 1911-1914
(Russian) Constructivism - 1914-early 1930s
Cubo-Futurism - 1912-1915
Cumberland Market Group - 1914-1919
Dada - Dadaism - 1916-1923
Donkey's Tail (or "Oslinyy Khvost") - 1911-1915
École de Paris (or "School of Paris") - 1915-1935
Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre - ca. 1913-1932
Formism - 1917-1922
Jack of Diamonds (or "Bubnovy Valet") - 1910-1917
Kecskemét Colony - 1911-ca. 1920
London Group - 1913-1930s
Neo-primitivism - 1910-1914
November Group - 1917-1924
Orphism - ca. 1912-13
Pittura Metafisica - 1911-ca. 1930
Purism - 1918-1926
Puteaux Group - 1910sRayism - 1912-15
Revolt Group - 1918-1920
Scottish Colorists - 1910-ca. 1930
Sōdosha (or "Grass and Earth Society") - ca. 1915-1922
Suprematism - 1915- mid-1920s
Synchronism - 1913-ca. 1916
Union of Youth (or "Soyuz Molodyozhi") - 1910-1914
Vorticism - 1914-1920

1920

AR group - 1929-1936
American Scene Painting - ca. 1920-early 1940s
Art Deco - 1920s-1930s
Artes / Neoartes - 1929-1935
(The) Blue Four (or "Blauen Vier") - 1924-1936
Circle of Artists (or "Krug Khudozhnikov") - 1926-1932
Constructivism - 1920s-Present
(International) Constructivism - 1922-1939
de Stijl - 1920s-1932
(The) Degenerates / Entartete Kunst - 1920s- mid-1940s
Devetsil - 1920-1931
Earth Group (or "Serbo-Croat Zemlja") - 1929-1935
Eesti Kunstnikkude Rūhm - 1923-ca. 1930
(The) Fellowship of St. Luke - 1925-1939
Group of Seven - 1920-1933Group X - 1920
Halmstad Group (or "Halmstadgruppen") - 1929-early 1980s
Harlem Renaissance - 1920-1930s
Inkhuk - 1920-26
(The) Kapists - 1924-ca. late 1950s
Magic Realism - 1920s-1940s
Makovets - 1921-1926
Neue Sachlichkeit - 1920s-ca. 1930
Néo-Réalisme - 1920s-1930s
Precisionism - 1920s-1940s
Rhythm Group - 1922-1932
Riga Artists' Group - 1920-1940
Scuola Romana - 1927-1940
Surrealism - 1922-1939
Szentendre Colony - 1928-ca. 1940
Verism - 1920s-ca. 1930
Vkhutemas - 1920-1930
Workshop 17 - 1927-1965

1930 - WWII

Abstraction-Création - 1931-1936
Alaskan Movement - 1930s-Present
Allianz - 1937-1950s
Arantist School - 1930s-Present
Art and Freedom - 1939- mid-1940s
Concrete Art - 1930-ca. 1960
(The) Euston Road School - 1937- mid-1970s
Färg och Form - 1932-ca. 1940
Forces Nouvelles - 1935-39
Group of Five - 1930s
Hlebine School - ca. 1932-ca. early 1960s
Neo-Romanticism - 1930s-1950s
Persatuan Ahli Gambar - 1937-1942
Regionalism - 1930s
Socialist Realism - ca. 1930-1950Unit One - 1933-35

1945 - Post-War

Abstract Expressionism - mid-1940s -Present
Art brut - mid-1940s -Present
Art informel (or Informalism, or Lyrical Abstraction) - mid-1940s -1950s
Arte Concreto Invención - 1940s
Arte Madí - 1940s(Les)
Automatistes - 1946-1951
CoBrA - 1948-1951
Fronte Nuovo delle Arti - 1946-1952
Groupe Espace - 1949-1951
Homme-Témoin - 1948- mid-1950s
Jeune Peinture Belge - 1945-48
Movimiento Madí - 1940s
New Horizons (or "Ofakim Hadashim") - 1948-1960s
(The) New York School - 1940s-1950s
Perceptismo - 1940sPrisme d'Yeux - 1948-1950
Spazialismo (or "Spatialism") - ca. 1947- mid-1960s
Tachism - late 1940s- mid-1950s
Young Indonesian Artists - 1946

1950

Action Painting - 1950s
Antipodean Group - 1959-1960
Arte generativo - 1959-Present
Arte nucleare - 1950s
Color Field Painting - 1950s-Present
(The) Concretists - early 1950s
Gruppe 53 - 1953-1959
Gruppo degli Otto Pittori Italiani - 1952-ca. 1960
Gutai - 1954-1972
Hard-Edge Painting - late 1950s-Present
(The) Kitchen Sink School - 1950s
Matter Painting - 1950s-Present
Neo-Dada - 1950s
Painters Eleven - 1953-58
(Les) Plasticiens - 1955-59
Pop Art - mid-1950s –Present
Quadriga - 1952-54
Situationism - 1957-early 1970s
Washington Color Painters - mid-1950s -Present
Zero - 1958-1965

1960

Arte Povera - late 1960s-1970s
Black Expressionism - 1960s-1970s
Conceptual Art - 1960s–Present
(The) Contemporary Artists Group - 1966
Continuità - 1961-ca. 1970
Fluxus - early 1960s-late 1970s
Grupo Hondo - 1961-1964
Junk Art - 1960s-Present
Land Art - late 1960s-early 1970s
Mechanical Art - 1962-65
Minimalism - 1960s–Present
Monoha - 1960s
Neofiguración - second half 1960s
Nouveau Réalisme - 1960-63
Op Art - 1964-Present
Performance Art - 1960s–Present
Photorealism - mid-1960s -Present
Post-Minimalism - late 1960s-1970s
Post-painterly Abstraction - 1964-Present
Praxis - 1963-1972
Process Art - mid-1960s -1970s
Psychedelic Art - early 1960s-early 1970s
Saqqakhaneh - 1960s
Solentiname Primitivist Painting - 1968-Present
Support-Surface - 1967-1974
(The) Sydney 9 - 1961
Syn - 1965-1970
Woodland School - 1962-Present

1970

Post-Modernism - 1970s-mid 1980s
Ugly Realism - 1970s
Feminist Art - 1970s-Present
Yunnan School - late 1970s-Present
Neo-Conceptualism - late 1970s-Present
Neo-Expressionism - late 1970s-1980s
Bad Painting - late 1970s-early 1980s
Demoscene - late 1970s-Present
New Image Painting - late 1970s-Present
Nuovi Nuovi - late 1970s-Present
Mühlheimer Liberty - 1979-1984
Transavantgarde - 1979-Present

1980

Free Figuration (Figuration Libre) - early 1980s-Present
Neue Wilde - early 1980s-Present
Neo-Geo - mid-1980s
Multiculturalism - 1980s-Present
Graffiti Movement - 1980s-Present
BritArt / Young British Artists ("yBa") - 1988-Present
Neo-Pop - late 1980s-Present

1990

Net Art - early 1990s-Present
Massurrealism - early 1990s-Present
Artefactoria - 1990/91-Present
Toyism - 1992-Present
Lowbrow - ca. 1994-Present
New Leipzig School - mid-1990s-Present
Tiki Art - 1996-Present
Bitterism - 1998-Present
Stuckism - 1999-Present

2000

Thinkism - September 12, 2001-Present
Funism - ca. 2002-Present