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History of Art Education
History of Schooling
Intro to Art Theory
History of Schooling
School should be important because it represents the physical location where knowledge is obtained and learning takes place. School has become more than a site of learning it is also a space where our nations’ youth become socialized or pseudo-acclimated to the world. Schools represent the dominant culture’s values, idioms, histories, and narratives. Most often, schools do not simulate the world beyond a certain community or constituency. For the most part public schools maintain the status quo.
For many living in the US, education is forced upon them by the parent culture, not for the purposes of learning new things or growing intellectual abilities, but for acquiring money. Employment equals paychecks and paychecks represent capital. Capital is required for buying a credit score, buying shelter, buying food, buying transportation, and buying clothes. Credit, housing, food, transportation, and clothing are the basic criteria for living independently in the 21st Century. The entire culture demands that young people get educated because it will lead to making money.
Today, education is a big business schools are run like corporations. In the corporate world, profit growth is the true marker of success. In the educational institution business, student achievement and knowledge is an asset, education is a commodity. The education of young people has become an object that is leveraged, negotiated, speculated, and manipulated like a corporate entity. In public education, this has led to intense state initiatives for teachers, untested achievement standards for students, and savage inequity among our state run school districts. In the 1960's, some sought to rethink schooling and resist common notions of education. New models emerged and the cultural landscape shifted, but what was taught in schools remained unchanged. Below you will find alternative models and new systems of knowledge born out of ideas that called for radical revision.
History of American Education Web Project:
Alternative Art Schools:
The Art Students League of New York, Black Mountain College, The Bauhaus, Free Skool movements, Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), Black Panther Re-education Programs, Summerhill, Highlander Folk School, The Public School, Joseph Beuys, Free International University for Creativity and Interdisciplinary Research, Kunstakademie, Dusseldorf, Hans Hofmann Schools, the Re-Thinking Schools literature, writings of Bill Ayers, Academic Freedom, New Museum Learn Programs (Night School), Liam Gillick's Night School, Olafur Eliasson's Institute Fur Raum Experimente, Bruce High Quality Foundation University, Chicago Underground Library, etc.
Olafur Eliasson, Institute Fur Raumexperimente,
"Essentially, an art school is producing the future, and a museum or an institution is producing the past."
What is Academic Freedom? The belief that the freedom of inquiry by students and teachers is essential to the mission of the academy, and that scholars should have freedom to teach or communicate ideas or facts (including those that are inconvenient to external political groups or to authorities) without being targeted for repression, job loss, or imprisonment.
Black Panther Educational Platform:
-We want education for our people that exposes the true nature of this decadent American society.
-We want education that teaches us our true history and our role in the present-day society.
-We believe in an educational system that will give to our people a knowledge of self. If a man does not have knowledge of himself and his position in society and the world, then he has little chance to relate to anything else.
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